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Fusion and Industry

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The close relationship between fusion research and industry is usually expressed through the following mechanisms: supply of experimental apparatus; development and/or transfer of discoveries and innovative technologies; training of professional people; spin-offs.

FTU was built by ENEA with the help of the competence available in the “Italian system”, i.e., Italian industry built most of the components and plants of FTU after participating in tenders for contract, on both a European and an international level. Italian industries have acquired a lot of experience along the way and can successfully compete with the other European contenders in the realisation of important components for other national machines and for JET.

The European Union, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United States, the People’s Republic of China the Republic of Korea and India are involved in realising the ITER project. The mission of ITER will be to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion as an energy source and, at the same time, integrally use and test all the key components that a fusion reactor needs for its operation.

ENEA's Fusion division has strongly participated, together with industry, in the R&D for the ITER project. The construction of ITER is comparable to the construction of a power reactor and requires a notable contribution from industry, both in the more traditional areas such as construction, mechanical and electrical engineering, and in the more specialised technological areas, such as:

The full involvement of industry (large, medium and small-scale enterprises, consortiums) is essential to the success of ITER.
To prepare European industry for the construction of ITER, a special system was set up to qualify European enterprises in the areas relative to the key technologies. About 100 industries (including some small and medium) have been selected on the basis of their experience, technical capabilities and commitment to participate in tenders for the supply of prototypes and specialised apparatus.

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